1724 1 1937 1937 1 1724 1724 ........... 1724

1 1782 3 1995 1 1995 3 1782 2 1782 ........... 1782 2



-- --


. 3.1
























4.

. .


4.1. .


. , , . :


H0= (4.1)

堠 k=R1/R0; k = 19,5/39 = 0,5 (4.2)

H0= = 22,66


, 80% :

H(g+s)=H0 (4.3)


. :

H(g+s) = H(0) + H(g+s) (4.4)

堠 H(g+s) = -R02/4*(g+s)*k(1-k) (4.5)

H(g+s) = -(39*103)2/4*(-10*10-8+10,5*10-8)*0,5*0,5 = -0,48

H(0) = H0 -H(g+s) (4.6)

H(0) = 22,66 - (- 0,48) = 23,14

H(g+s) = 23,14 + (- 0,48) = 22,66


:


H(g+s) = 22,66


(.4.1). .



h1 = h(0,5) + H(g+s) - h(0) = 16,66 젠 (4.7)

h2 = h(0,5) + H(g+s) - h(1) = 14,66 젠 (4.8)


4.2. .


, L0 (

) - L.


L0 = [l/(4pR0)]2 (4.9)

L0 = [15,8*10-2/(4*3,14*39*103 )]2 = 1,04*10-13


, :


G = G = G = 31,5


- . ( . -2), . 5 -75-24-32 a = -0,08 /. - -2 -2,5 .


L = a*l - 2,5 (4.10)

L = -0,08*10 - 2,5 = -3,3

L = 10lg[l/(4pR0)]2 + L + 2G (4.11)

L = 10lg[15,8*10-2/(4*3,14*39*103)]2 = -70,13


Vmin Vmin :


Vmin = 44 - K - L򠠠 (4.12)

Vmin = 49 - K - L򠠠 (4.13)



, - (. 1.1)

Vmin = 44 - 153,8 + 70,13 = -39,67

Vmin = 49 - 152,8 + 70,13 = -33,67


4.3. .


- :

)

T0(Vmin)

)

T(Vmin)

) - (Vmin)

:


T(Vmin) = T0(Vmin) + T(Vmin) + T(Vmin) (4.14)


:


H(g) = H(0) + H(g) (4.15)

堠 H(g) = -(R02/4)g*k(1-k) (4.16)

H(g) = -(39*103)2/4*(-10*10-8)*0,5*0,5 = 9,51

H(g) = 23,14 + 9,51 = 32,65


:


P(g) = H(g)/H0 = 32,65/22,66 = 1,44 (4.17)


- . . m, , : y = H0 (.4.1) r.

r = R0 = 39

m = * (4.18)

堠 l = r/R0 = 39/39 = 1 ; a = y/H0 = 1 (4.19)

m = * = 0,79


1 . 1.5 V0 (0)=0


V0 = -18


p(g0) ,

,

.

p(g0) = (V0 - Vmin)/V0 (4.20)

p(g0) = [ -18 - (-33,67)]/-18 = -0,87


Y


Y = 2,31 * A[p(g) - p(g0)] (4.21)

堠 = 1/s * (4.22)

A = 1/10,5*10-8 * = 0,983

y = 2,31 * 0,983 * [1,44 - (-0,87)] = 5,3


1 . 1.6 T0(Vmin)


T0(Vmin) 0 %


T(Vmin) - .

T(Vmin) = Vmin2 * T(De) (4.23)

堠 Vmin -

Vmin = -33,67

Vmin = 4,3 * 10-4

T(De) = 4,1*10-4*x*R0* (4.24)



堠 x = 1

R0 -

f0 -

T(De) = 4,1 * 10-4 * 392 * = 1,63 %

T(Vmin) = (4,3 * 10-4)2 * 1,63 = 3 * 10-7 %


J

1 . 1.9 Vmin = -33,67


J > 190 /


(Vmin)

1 . 1.10

(Vmin) 0,00014 %


4.14


T(Vmin) = 0 + 3*10-7 + 14*10-5 = 1,4 * 10-4 %


4.4.


0(Vmin), T(Vmin), T(Vmin)

:

Tå(Vmin) = T0i(Vmin) + (Vmin) + Ti(Vmin) (4.25)

堠 n -

n = 18

Tå(Vmin) = 18 * 0 + 18 * 3 * 10-7 + 18 * 14 * 10-5 = 2,5 * 10-3 %


:


T(Vmin) = 0,1 % * L/2500 (4.26)

堠 L - L = 560

(Vmin) = 0,1 * 560/2500 = 22,4 * 10-3

Tå(Vmin) < T(Vmin)

2,5 * 10-3 < 22,4 * 10-3


.












5.

-


5.1.


(80)

:


10 lg P(80) = 90 - - L - V2(80) (5.1)

堠 = 153,8 (. 1.1)

L = -70,13 4.11

V2(80) = -3 (1 . 1.5)

10 lgP(80) = 90 - 153,8 + 70,13 + 3 = 9,33

P(80) = 8,57


- :


= 1 + 2 (5.2)

堠 1 - ,


1 = 0,8 (2 . 1.36)


2 - , ,

5,8


= 0,8 + 5 = 5,8


( ) :


å = i(80) + i + + k (5.3)

堠 n - ˠ n = 13;

m - m = 4;

-

= 20 0 (. 1.1)

-

= 25 0 (. 1.1)

å = 111,41 + 325 + 150,8 + 80 = 667,2


, 5.3 ,

:


(80) = 3L + 200 (5.4)

L - , 젠 280 < L < 840


(80) = 3*560 + 200 = 1880



667,2 < 1870


5.2 -


-:


(U/U)2å80% = (U/U)280% + n(U/U) + m(U/U)䠠 (5.5)

堠 n - ˠ n = 18

m - ⠠ m = 5


10lg(U/U)280% = -(K + L + V(80)) (5.6)

堠 V(80) = -3 (1 . 1.5)

= 152,8 (.1.1)

L = -70,13 4.11


10lg(U/U)280% = -(152,8 - 70,13 - 3) = -79,67

(U/U)280% = 1,1*10-8 (5.7)

(U/U) = 0,07/700 = 10-4 (5.8)

(U/U) = 0,14/700 = 2*10-4 (5.9)

堠 U = 0,07   (.1.1)

U = 0,14   (. 1.1)

U = 700   (. 1.1)


(U/U)2å80% = 1,98*10-7 + 1,8*10-3 + 10-3 = 2,8*10-3


= -51,1

= 61 + 10lg(2500/L) (5.10)

堠 L - ˠ L = 560


= 61 + 10lg(2500/560) = 64


.






6.



1. .. , ..

. 1996

2. .. , ..

.

1987

3. ..

1974



: 1, 2